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A Journey full of Fun in the Land of Mummies & Pyramids - Egypt

You talk of Mummies immediately the mind gets struck with Pyramids. When we talk of Pyamids we get stuck with the 3 Major Pyramids at Giza and then the step Pyramid at Sakkara. But in fact there are 950 Pyramids through out the Egypt.

The land of Mummies also the Land of Cleopatra has lot of fascinating history attached to it.

Let's travel through Egypt, which I have done umpteen number of times and see how we can have fun when travelling amidst history.




This is how Pyramids get lit up in Night when Sound & Light Show is on




Day view of Pyramids with Sphinx, that is supposed to guard the Pyramids

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Certain facts about Egypt

Although the details about the History of Egypt is abundantly available on net, yet not going into those details would like to share certain facts about Egypt.


* Egypt has the largest Arabic population in the world.

* The formal name of Egypt is the Arab Republic of Egypt.

* Approximately 90% of Egyptians are Muslim (primarily Sunni), 9% are Coptic, and 1% is Christian.

* Pharaoh Pepi II (2246-2152 B.C.) had the longest reign in history—94 years. He became Egypt’s king when he was only 6 years old.

* Pharaoh Pepi II allegedly would smear naked slaves with honey to attract flies away from him.

* Ancient Egyptians believed that the soul of the king ascended along the ramp of the sun’s rays to the sun god himself.

* The shape of ancient Egyptian pyramids is thought to have been inspired by the spreading rays of the sun.

* The Egyptian flag is similar to the flags of Syria, Iraq, and Yemen and consists of three bands of colors from the Arab Liberation flag—red, white, and black—with the golden eagle of Saladin on the white band. On the Egyptian flag, black represents oppression, red represents the bloody struggle against oppression, and white is symbolic of a bright future.

* On average, only an inch of rain falls in Egypt per year.

* Egyptian history is generally considered to have begun in 3200 B.C. when King Menes (also called Narmer) united the Upper and Lower Kingdoms. The last native dynasty fell to the Persians in 341 B.C. and was replaced by Greeks, Romans, and Byzantines. Arabs introduced Islam and the Arabic language into Egypt in the seventh century.

* The famous Great Pyramid at Giza was built as a burial place for King Khufu (2589-2566 B.C.) and took more than 20 years to build. It is built from over two million blocks of limestone, each one weighing as much as two and a half elephants. It stands about 460 feet (149 m) high—taller than the Statue of Liberty. The base of the Great Pyramid takes up almost as much space as five football fields.

* Ancient Egyptians believed that mummification ensured the deceased a safe passage to the afterlife. The mummification process had two stages: first the embalming of the body, then the wrapping and burial of the body. Organs were stored in canopic jars, each jar representing a god.

* Ancient Egyptians mummified not only people but animals as well. Archeologists discovered a 15-foot- (4.5-m-) long mummified crocodile. The crocodile is known as the “devourer of human hearts” in the ancient Book of the Dead.

* By the time Ramses II died at about 90 years old, he was suffering from severe dental problems, arthritis and hardening of the arteries
Ramses II (1279-1212 B.C.) is often considered the greatest pharaoh (“great house”) of the Egyptian empire. He ruled Egypt for 60 years and was the only pharaoh to carry the title “the Great” after his name. He had over 90 children: approximately 56 boys and 44 girls. He had eight official wives and nearly 100 concubines. He also had red hair, which was associated with the god Seth.

* Ancient Egyptian women had more rights and privileges than most other women in the ancient world. For example, they could own property, carry out business deals, and initiate divorce. Women from wealthy families could become doctors or priestesses.


* For ancient Egyptians, bread was the most important food and beer was their favorite drink. Models of brewers were even left in tombs to ensure that the deceased had plenty of beer in the next world.

* The ancient Egyptians had three different calendars: an everyday farming calendar, an astronomical calendar, and a lunar calendar. The 365-day farming calendar was made up of three seasons of four months. The astronomical calendar was based on observations of the star Sirius, which reappeared each year at the start of the flood season. Finally, priests kept a lunar calendar that told them when to perform ceremonies for the moon god Khonsu.

* Hieroglyphs were developed about 3,000 B.C. and may have started as early wall paintings. In contrast to English’s 26 letters, there are more than 700 different Egyptian hieroglyphs.

* Egypt’s first pyramid was a step pyramid built by famed Egyptian architect Imhotep for the pharaoh Djoser in 2600 B.C.

* The ancient Egyptians worshiped more than 1,000 different gods and goddesses. The most important god of all was Ra, the sun god.

* Over its long history, Egypt has been known by many different names. For example, during the Old Kingdom (2650-2134 B.C.), Egypt was called Kemet or Black Land, which referred to the dark, rich soil of the Nile Valley. It was also called Deshret, or Red Land, which referred to Egypt’s vast deserts. Later, it was known as Hwt-ka-Ptah or “House of the Ka of Ptah.” Ptah was one of Egypt’s earliest gods. The Greeks changed Hwt-ka-ptah to Aegyptus.


* The Sahara Desert at one time was lush grassland and savannah. Overgrazing and/or climate change in 8000 B.C. began to change the area from pastoral land to desert. Now it is the world’s largest hot desert at over 3,630,000 square miles—roughly the size of the United States. Antarctica is considered the largest desert (of any type) in the world.

* The ancient Egyptians regarded beauty as a sign of holiness, which is why cosmetics were integrated heavily into daily lives

* In Egypt, both men and women wore eye make-up called kohl, which was made from ground-up raw material mixed with oil. They believed it had magical healing powers that could restore poor eyesight and fight eye infections.

* The first pharaoh of Egypt is considered to be King Menes, who united the Upper and Lower Kingdoms in 3150 B.C. He named the capital of the united lands Memphis, which means “Balance of Two Lands.” Legend says he ruled for 60 years until he was killed by a hippopotamus.

* The life expectancy of Egyptians is approximately 72.66 years, which ranks 124th in the world. The life expectancy of males is approximately 70.07 years and 75.38 years for females. Monaco has the world’s highest life expectancy at 89.73 years old. The United States is 50th, with a life expectancy of 78.37 years.

* The fertility rate in Egypt is 2.97 children per woman, which is the 66th highest fertility rate in the world. Niger ranks first with 7.60 children per woman. The United States is 124th with 2.06 children per woman.

* Egypt is the 30th largest country in the world by area. Slightly three times larger than New Mexico, Egypt’s area is 386,560 square miles (1,001,450 square km).
The ancient Egyptians were the first people to have a year consisting of 365 days divided into 12 months. They also invented clocks.

* To stay cool and avoid lice, both men and women in ancient Egypt shaved their heads and often wore wigs. In fact, because wigs indicated social status, they became one of the most important fashion accessories in ancient Egypt. Rich people wore wigs made from human hair, while poor people wore wigs made from wool or vegetable fiber.


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Certain facts about Egypt - Continued

* The Egyptian polymath Imhotep (“the one who comes in peace”) is known as the first physician, the first engineer, and the first architect.

* Egypt’s Nile River is the world’s longest, running 4,135 miles (6,670 km). Ancient Egyptians would measure the depth of the Nile using a “nilometer.” The English word “Nile” is derived from the Semitic nahal, meaning “river.” Ancient Egyptians called the river iteru, meaning “great river.”

* In an attempt to control the annual flooding of the Nile, one of the largest dams in the world was built in Egypt in 1971: Aswan High Dam. Unfortunately, the rich silt that normally fertilized the dry Egyptian land settled in Lake Nasser after the building of the dam, forcing farmers to use one million tons of artificial fertilizer every year.

* Ancient Egyptians believed the tears of the goddess Isis made the Nile overflow each year. They celebrated the flood with a festival called the “Night of the Tear Drop.”

* A priest often wore the jackal-headed mask of the god Anubis when making a body into a mummy. Ancient Egyptians associated Anubis (the god of the death) with jackals because jackals would uncover bodies from Egyptian cemeteries and eat them.

* The Copts are the largest Christian community in Egypt and in the Middle East. Because Christianity was the main religion in Egypt between the fourth and sixth centuries, the term “Copt” originally meant all Egyptians.

* In France, a glass pyramid stands outside the famous Louvre museum as a tribute to the ancient Egyptians and their amazing world.

* Giraffe tails were also seen as symbols of authority,Fly swatters made from giraffe tails were a popular fashion item in ancient Egypt.

* The quality that ancient Egyptians valued most was called ma’at, which means good behavior, honesty, and justice. Ma’at is also the name of the goddess of truth who, according to myth, weighs every Egyptian heart after death.

* Before an ancient Egyptian scribe wrote anything, he always poured out some water mixed with ink as an offering to the god Thoth, the messenger of the gods and patron of scribes and learning. Egyptians who could write were believed to have power from the gods.

* The ancient Egyptians believed that the god Thoth invented writing and passed its secret to humans. His symbols were a bird called an ibis and a baboon.

* Just 150 years ago, Americans and Europeans believed that mummies had great healing powers. They ground up the mummies into powder and used it as medicine for all kinds of diseases.

* The word pharaoh began as a nickname for the Egyptian king. It means “great house” because everyone believed the king’s human body was home to a god. The term wasn’t actually used until the 20th dynasty (1185-1070 B.C.).

* The Great Pyramid at Giza has vents pointing to the constellation of Orion so the mummy’s spirit could fly straight up to the gods.

* In ancient Egypt, every big city supported one favorite god, similar to people who support football teams today.
* Ancient Egyptians needed to predict when the Nile would flood, which led to the development of the world’s first calendar.

* Ancient Egyptians believed they were made from clay on a potter’s wheel by the river god Khnum.
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Certain facts about Egypt - Continued

* Mexico, not Egypt, has the largest pyramid in the world in terms of volume. The Cholula Pyramid (sometimes referred to as Quetzalcoatl) was built around the year A.D. 100. Though it is 40% the height of Egypt’s Great Pyramid of Cheops at Giza, it covers an area of 39.5 acres. In contrast, the Great Pyramid is 480 feet high and covers 13 acres. Additionally, the Mexican pyramid has a volume of 4,300,000 cubic yards, while the Great Pyramid has 3,360,000.

* The pyramids of Egypt are not only the oldest of the seven wonders of the ancient world, they are the only ones to survive today. An Arab proverb captures the pyramids endurance: “Man fears Time, yet Time fears the pyramids.” The other six wonders are (1) the Hanging Gardens of Babylon, (2) the Temple of Artemis at Ephesus, (3) the Statue of Zeus at Olympia, (4) the Mausoleum of Halicarnassus, (5) the Colossus of Rhodes, and (6)the Lighthouse of Alexandria.

The oldest surviving work about mathematics was written by the ancient Egyptian scribe Ahmes around 1650 B.C. Found on the Rhine Mathematical Papyrus, it is titled “The Entrance into the Knowledge of All Existing Things and All Obscure Secrets.”

* The oldest death sentence recorded is found in ancient Egypt. Found in the Amherst papyri, a teenaged male in 1500 B.C. is sentenced to kill himself by either poison or stabbing for practicing magic.

* Hieroglyphs were used only for ritual purposes and official inscriptions. For everyday use, Egyptians used a script called “hieratic.” In 700 B.C., a second script called “demotic” was used, of which a derivative is used by Coptic Christians today.

* Ancient Egyptian tomb builders had their own guarded villages. They were well fed and looked after because their work was so important.

* The oldest recorded standard of weight is the beqa, an ancient Egyptian unit equal to between 6.66 and 7.45 ounces. It is still used today.

* In 2011, archeologists discovered an enormous statue of the ancient Egyptian pharaoh Amenhotep III (grandfather of Tutankhamen). One of the largest statues ever found, it was actually first discovered in 1923 and then re-hidden.

* The ancient obelisk known as Cleopatra’s Needle has suffered more damage in the 125 years it has stood in New York City from pollution and weather than in the thousands of years it stood in Egypt.

* The last known hieroglyphic inscription was made in A.D. 394 in the temple of Isis in Philae.

* Although it is a popular notion that Napoleon’s troops shot off the nose of the Sphinx at Giza, sketches of the Sphinx from 1737 show it without a nose, more than 60 years before Napoleon reached Egypt. The only person known to have damaged it was an Islamic cleric, Sa’im al-dahr, who was hanged in 1378 for vandalism. He reportedly disapproved of “graven images.”

* Scholars believe that ancient Egyptians were the first to sew wounds closed some 4,000 years ago. Egyptian doctors would often store their surgical needles in a case made from a hollowed-out bird bone.

* The scarab beetle was sacred to the Egyptians and represented life after death or resurrection.
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Nile Cruise




Lobby


Gymn on Nile Cruise ( All do not have it)


Note : All do not have Library


Restaurant on Nile Cruise


Mostly Bar & Discotheque are together



Inside Cabin - Only few have it .. check what you are getting before booking.


This is a Suite. At max 2 or 3 are there per Nile Cruise until otherwise it is an all Suite Nile Cruise.


All do not have Top deck Pool.



Top deck to relax, Have evening or Morning tea.



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Belly Dancing on Nile Cruise











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wow a-z about Egypt Wolf bro knows more about Egypt and pyramids

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wow a-z about Egypt Wolf bro knows more about Egypt and pyramids

Been over 40 times to Egypt, there is still lot more to come, hang on.
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Initially Nile Cruises were of 14 nights duration from Cairo to Aswan but then as there was long desert in between on both sides there were lot of cases of dacoity and thus were stopped. But now as lot of development has taken place talks are on to restart from Cairo.

But as of now the nile cruises are of 3 nights duration from Aswan to Luxor and 4 Nights duration from Luxor to Aswan. A few operate reverse. In the 4 night one, one night is stationary either at Aswan or at Luxor as the case may be to facilitate in sighting there.

We will go about the operation of Nile Cruise in detail. But the basic point to highlight the Nile Cruise first is that, that most people first stay at Cairo end up heavy shopping and then carry that extra luggage throughout the whole journey.

The Major International Airports are Cairo and Luxor but very few flights land at Luxor.

For those having a short flight to Cairo from whichever place they are travelling from will advise them to take a connecting flight from Cairo to Luxor and commence their journey from Luxor.

There are about 300 Nile Cruises ranging from 3* TO 5* Deluxe.

Will advise all that in egypt one should go in for 5* only as others are not upto mark. But be careful certain 5* are pathetic too.




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